• Security Interview
Interviewing passengers in order to identify suspicious signs on passenger`s behavior and inspect travel documents to ensure they are in compliance with the regulations and are valid.
• Baggage make- up area
According with ICAO DOC 8973 “Access to hold baggage should be controlled to prevent tampering and the introduction of prohibited articles or explosives devices. This will involved ensure security store areas, the securing of baggage handling system from check- in to and including baggage make up and transfer areas, and baggage loaded on trolleys on the area.” The aircraft operator should protect hold baggage for interference (e.g. Bag being added to a consignment or a prohibited article being place in a bag) from the time it is checked in until is loaded into an aircraft.
• Aircraft Security Ramp
Aircraft are not only vulnerable to the introduction of prohibited articles and devices by passengers but also by other persons while the aircraft is on the ground and either parked or being prepared for service/flight. The first line of defense against unauthorized access to aircraft is the integrity of the landside/airside boundary. However, the prevention of unauthorized access to aircraft within this boundary also depends on security measures taken in the immediate proximity of the aircraft and in the general ramp area.
• Aircraft Search.
Consist on procedures for the inspection and searching of aircraft during both routine operations and at times when an aircraft may be under high threat. For routine originating flights, a security inspection should be carried out prior to the boarding of passengers and the loading of cargo and baggage.
• Security of Aircraft catering supplies and stores.
Catering supplies and aircraft operators’ stores and supplies intended for carriage on passenger flights can provide a means to introduce weapons, explosive devices or substances intended for use by a perpetrator of an act of unlawful interference. Protection against acts of unlawful interference will require careful consideration and planning by all organizations, security agencies and aircraft operators involved.
The operation and buildings used for the preparation and storage of catering supplies and stores should therefore be subjected to security measures detailed in a security program.
• Screening of passengers and cabin baggage.
The basic rule is that all passengers and all their carry-on baggage must undergo screening before being allowed access to an aircraft, sterile area or security restricted area. This procedure must be applied to all international flight operations and whenever practically possible to all domestic operations. This is especially necessary when screened passengers for international flights and non-screened domestic operations passengers have contact after the passenger screening point. Similar screening requirements should be applied to all other persons, including flight and cabin crew, requiring access to security restricted areas containing screened passengers or access to aircraft.
• Cargo and mail.
As the widespread implementation of aviation security measures regarding passengers and their baggage has become more effective so has air cargo become a more attractive option for those persons attempting to carry out an act of unlawful interference. The volume of air cargo carried is large and increasing, the cargo system is well known, perpetrators are able to target specific flights and cargo consignments can be difficult to screen. Additionally it is impractical to screen all air cargo and there is a low personal risk to the perpetrator. The security clearance of air cargo may consist of either active procedures to detect devices that may have been already placed into air cargo or preventive security to stop devices being placed into air cargo when it is initially packed and at all stages thereafter in its handling prior to it being loaded onto an aircraft. Active procedures could include the use of conventional X-ray equipment, explosive detection systems, explosive trace detection equipment, hand search, simulation chambers and explosive detection dogs.
• Security Interview